The aim is to assess whether existing health programs adequately inform K-12 students about the recognition and practice of positive interactions in sexual situations. Comprehensive sex education is vital for students around the world, and along with limiting teenage pregnancies and the spread of STDs, it can provide students with many other health and social benefits. According to a study by the National Association of School Nurses, evidence-based sexual health education can improve academic success; prevent dating violence and bullying; help Sex Dolls young people develop healthier relationships; (…) and reduce inequalities in sexual health among LGBTQ youth. “As a result, school health programs that include sex education should be accessible to all students, and teachers should teach the curriculum taking into account the best student interests. Many people think that schools provide teenagers with sufficient sex education; however, too many teenagers do not receive useful sex education. Knowledge of adolescent sex education influences physical, mental, social and emotional health.
The purpose of this clinical report is to provide pediatricians with up-to-date research on sexual and reproductive health education based on evidence since the American Academy of Pediatrics published the original clinical report on the subject in 2001. Sex education is defined as teaching about human sexuality, including intimate relationships, human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual activity, sexual orientation, gender identity, abstinence, contraception and reproductive rights and responsibilities. Sex education has been shown to help prevent and reduce the risks of teenage pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases for children and adolescents with and without chronic health problems and disabilities in the United States. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnic groups, socio-economic groups and geographical areas; there is no “one size fits all” program.
School delivery of sex education should also be monitored and evaluated closely and regularly. International human rights organizations have established that children and young people have the right to receive comprehensive, accurate, scientifically sound and culturally sensitive sex education based on existing international standards. These include the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the International Covenant on Economic Rights, Social and Cultural and, at European level, the European Social Charter and the above. Sex education in schools is more necessary today, as in most cases children can and will obtain information in a different way, in particular through the Internet and social networks. While these can be useful and appropriate sources of information, they can also distort sexuality and have no information on aspects related to emotional and sexual rights.
The American Academy of Pediatrics provides an overview of published evidence-based research into sexual and reproductive health education 3. Sex education, also known as sex education, sex education or sex education, is the instruction of topics related to human sexuality, including emotional relationships and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, age of majority, reproductive health, reproductive rights. Sex education, which covers all of these topics, is known as comprehensive sex education and is often against sex education that is only with abstinence, which focuses only on sexual abstinence.
According to SIECUS, the American Sexuality Information and Education Council, 93% of adults surveyed support sex education in high school and 84% support it in high school. In fact, 88% of high school students and 80% of high school parents believe that school sex education makes it easier for them to talk about sex with their teens. In addition, 92% of teenagers report that they want to talk to their parents about sex and have extensive sex education at school.
Sex education has become important in recent years, but child sexual abuse has existed throughout history. Implementing sex education in schools can reduce the rate of child sexual abuse and provide an outlet for children and adolescents. Sexual abuse of children is any form of sexual activity that is forced upon a child, whether by a person younger or older than the child.
Sex education has proven to reduce adolescent pregnancy and adolescent birth. Sex education has lowered the birth rate of adolescents in the United States according to a report in California. Statistics showed that “the birth rate went from 36.2 to 34.1 per 1000 births for teenage mothers” .
By including risk reduction and contraception strategies, young people can take steps to protect their health, including delaying sex, using condoms or contraceptives, and be monogamous. A 2012 study of 66 comprehensive sexual risk reduction programs found that they were an effective public health strategy to reduce pregnancy, HIV and STIs in adolescents As they age, young people face important decisions about relationships, sexuality and sexual behavior. The decisions they make can affect their health and well-being for the rest of their lives. Young people have the right to live a healthy life and society has a responsibility to prepare young people by providing them with comprehensive sexual health education that provides them with the tools they need to make healthy decisions.